Difference Between Gaining Ratio And Sacrificing Ratio

Gaining and sacrificing ratios are the terms in the context of partnership firms, these ratios come into play when either a new partner enters the firm or the old partner leaves the firm.in order to have a better understanding of both the terms, we must be understanding the partnership firm works.

So basically, when two or more persons decided to run a business with the common aim to earn profit. Then they become partners and are jointly held accountable for all profits and losses. So now these partners decide to share all their profit and loss in an equal ratio. And also, they decide to change their profit or loss sharing ratio on the mutual agreement which is that if any person in this partnership firm wants to quit or if another person wants to involve in this firm.

Now there is a question that occurs which is that what actually is gaining ratio or sacrificing ratio? Without further delay let’s start our topic.

Distinguish between gaining ratio or sacrificing ratio

Before understanding the differences between both of them first we have to know what actually they both are.

What is the gaining ratio?

The gaining ratio is calculated in case of seclusion or retirement, death of a partner such ratio is known as the gaining ratio. It is the indicator of an increase in the profit ratio of the elderly partners in the firm.


New ratio – old ratio

You can apply the above formula when you know that a specific partner gaining the share. Like in this case of retirement of one or more partners or partners from the partnership, the remaining partner or partners will get the share of retiring partner(s), so the remaining partner will gain the share of profit.


In the gaining ratio, the effect of retirement and death of the partner is that the ratio in which the last or endure partners acquire the outgoing (retired or deceased) partner’s share. Means in case or gaining ratio the remaining partner’s profit ratio increase, the remaining partner get more profit than before.

When to calculate the profit margin:

we need to measure the gaining ratio when the following situations arise which is given below:

  • Change the profit-sharing ratio between the old partners.
  • Retrial or retirement of a partner from the partnership firm.
  • Death of a partner.

Change the profit-sharing ratio between old partners:

This situation occurs when the partners want more allotment in the business profit then they unitedly decide to change the profit-sharing ratio this process is known as the reconstitution of the firm.

 Withdraw a partner from the consortium

This situation occurs when one or more persons taking retirement from the firm. So remaining partners will automatically get a share of the retiring partners. So, they calculate the share on the foundation of the gaining ratio formula which we discussed above.

Death of a partner or companion:

This situation occurs when one person died from the partnership firm, so the remaining partners get a share of the dying person and they also calculate the share on the basis of the gaining ratio formula.

How to calculate?

we can calculate the gaining the ratio easily is this way that new profit-sharing less old profit sharing. This is the easy way to measure the gaining ratio.

Why gaining ratio is to be determined?

The objective behind the gaining ratio is to identify the contribution to be made by each partner in payment of goodwill by each partner

what is a description of the sacrificing ratio?

The meaning of sacrificing ratio can be explained as a sacrifice given by the old partners out of their existing shares in approval of the new partner is called sacrificing ratio.it is calculated on the involvement of the new partner.in this case, the profit ratio of the previous partners decreases. But there is also an advantage which is that the losses ratio is also decreasing.


old ratio-new ratio

You can apply the above formula when a new partner or companion joins the collaboration. so according to this formula, the old partners have to decrease their profit ratio because of the new members involves in the collaboration firm.


When the new member involves in the partnership firm so they also get their profit-sharing ratio so just because of this the old members in the firm decrease their profit-sharing ratio. But there is also an advantage in sacrificing ratio which is that the loss will also decrease in the partnership firm.

Admittance of a current/new partner:

The only way through the new partner admitted in the firm is that when all the old members in the collaborated firm agree to it otherwise it will not admit to the partnership firm. A new/current partner enters into the firm only when there is a need for capital or to make strong the firm’s capacity.

Why is the need for a sacrifice rate determined?

Sacrificing ratio is to determine to divide the prime for compassion conduct to the firm by the current partners among the previous partners in that ratio. However, it can also be decided when the partners obtain shares from other partners. 

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Points to remember for both gaining ratio or sacrificing ratio:

There are some important points which you have to remember. The points are given below:

  • The main purpose for calculating the two ratios is to ascertain the amount of compassion to be divided by the gaining partners when there is no change in the profit-sharing ratio
  • At the time of calculating the sacrifice/gain of the partners, when there is a change in the profit-sharing ratio with the consent of all the partners, then the new share is deducting from the old share.

Further are the results obtained are positive then it is sacrifice, and if the result obtains in negative then it is gain.

The difference between the profit rate and the sacrifice rate

The difference between the profit rate and the sacrifice rate is shown below:

  • The previous partners of the company give up their profits for the company profit. New partners are coming.
  • Share of income calculated in the event of the death or retirement of a partner or a change in the profit-sharing ratio as agreed between both parties.
  • The purpose of the profit rate is to determine the section of the capital gains that the retired partner should pay to the retired partner, but the goal of the casualty rate is to calculate the number of capital gains that have to be paid to the current when new partners join the company
  • The method of calculating the interest ratio is the old ratio minus the new ratio, but when this ratio is donated, the new ratio is subtracted from the old ratio.
  • As a result of the profit, goodwill is paid to retirees, and the capital accounts of those who remain into the business will be reduced by the amount paid as goodwill, but due to the sacrifice, the accounts will be lost Reduce the capital of old increased by the amount received as goodwill signed by the new partner.
  • Items are distributed at retirement on a profit basis, but sacrificed to the distributed capital gains distribution at the time of admission.


So, in this article, we discuss the difference between gaining ratio and sacrificing ratio and also their differences, they both are inversely proportional to each other. In short terms, the gaining ratio the profit-sharing increase or in the sacrificial ratio the profit-sharing is decreased. I hope your all doubts are clear.

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